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An elaborate array of linear stone lanes and V-shaped structures has been discovered on an underwater ridge in Lake Huron, marking what is thought to be the most complex set of ancient hunting structures ever found beneath the Great Lakes, according to a new report. Researchers based at the University of Michigan think the roughly 9,000-year-old-structure helped natives corral caribou herds migrating across what was then an exposed land-corridor the so-called Alpena-Amberley Ridge connecting northeast Michigan to southern Ontario. The area is now covered by 120 feet (347 meters) of water, but at the time, was exposed due to dry conditions of the last ice age. Using underwater sonar and a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) equipped with a video camera, the researchers found two parallel lines of stones that create a 26-foot-wide (8 meters) and 98 foot-long (30 m) northwesterly-oriented lane that ends in a natural cul-de-sac. The team also found what appear to be V-shaped hunting blinds oriented to the southeast, and a rectangular area that may have been used as a meat cache, according to the researchers. The entire feature spans an area of about 92 feet by 330 feet (28 by 100 m), the team reports. BEIRUT (Reuters) - A Lebanese soldier has defected to an al Qaeda group in neighboring Syria in the first such incident in protest at what he said was the injustice against Sunni Muslims in his country. A Lebanese security source said the army considered the Sunni Muslim soldier a deserter but there was no official comment from the army which groups soldiers from all sects. Security sources said Atef Saadeddine 23 went missing on Tuesday while on duty at a checkpoint near the Syrian border. On Wednesday Saadeddine appeared in a YouTube video which showed him wearing his army uniform with the black flag of the al-Nusra Front al Qaedas affiliate in Syria in the background and two guns propped up against a wall. I am the defected soldier Atef Saadeddine from the 8th division he said showing a military identification card with his picture on it issued by the Lebanese Ministry of Defense. The video ended with him embracing five masked armed men who all kissed his forehead as a welcome sign. The Syrian civil war has aggravated deep-rooted sectarian tension in Lebanon with Sunni Muslims supporting rebels against President Bashar al-Assad and the Lebanese Shiite Muslim group Hezbollah fighting alongside Assads army. Saadeddine said Sunnis were facing harassment by the army which he accused of working under the command of Hezbollah and carrying out arrests and raids at the groups request. He accused Hezbollah of killing Sunni Muslims in Lebanon and Syria. In the past months there has been a rise in attacks by armed men believed to be Sunni militants against Lebanese army soldiers and checkpoints killing several of them mainly in north and east Lebanon. When I think about December I get that sick feeling in my stomach. I want to know how much pain they are going to feel after. What is it going to be like for them said their mother Elysse Mata. They are where they should be developmentally. They reach up for toys they reach out for us when we get close and talk to them she said. The girls were born via cesarean section at nearly eight months gestation and will be separated at Texas Childrens Hospital in Houston by a team of surgeons in a long and arduous procedure. Conjoined twins Knatalye Hope Mata (R) and Adeline Faith Mata are pictured with their mother Elysse The intestines appear to be intermingled but there appears to be enough intestines for both children said Dr. Darrell Cass pediatric surgeon and co-director of Texas Childrens Hospital Fetal Center. The surgery will occur in two shifts with teams of pediatric urological plastic orthopedic cardiac and gynecological surgeons. The separation team will start and the reconstruction team will complete the process. Surgeons at Texas Childrens Hospital in 1992 successfully separated Tiesha and Iesha Turner who were 1 year old and shared a sternum liver entwined intestines and fused organs. Conjoined twins occur once every 200000 births and most do not survive. Approximately 40 to 60 percent of conjoined twins arrive stillborn and about 35 percent live only one day according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Mortality rates for twins who do live and then undergo separation vary depending on their type of connection and the organs they share it said. The Mata familys life began to change in January when a routine ultrasound showed that Elysse Mata was carrying conjoined twins. They were referred to the Texas Childrens Hospital Fetal Center. The couple and their 5-year-old son relocated from Lubbock to Houston where the girls were born on April 11. The babies live in the hospitals Level IV Neonatal Intensive Care Unit which is the center of the Mata familys life. Elysse Mata spends at least seven hours at the hospital each day leaving when it is time to pick her son up from school. John Mata her husband works full time and spends every weekend at the hospital with his daughters. Cass said he expects each child to be able to live independently and to have a good life. It is likely further reconstructive surgeries may be needed in the future. Perhaps the biggest challenges may be orthopedic and in helping them walk and have normal gait he said. (RNS) Responding to a real or perceived gap between science and faith 10 U.S. seminaries will receive a combined $1.5 million in grants to include science in their curricula the American Association for the Advancement of Science announced Wednesday (Oct. 8) A diverse set of Christian seminaries will be awarded grants ranging from $90000 to $200000 provided by the John Templeton Foundation which has funded various efforts to bridge science and faith including $3.75 million to AAAS for the project. Many (religious leaders) do not get a lot of science in their training and yet they become the authority figures that many people in society look up to for advice for all kinds of things including issues related to science and technology said Jennifer Wiseman director of the AAAS Dialogue on Science Ethics and Religion who is also a NASA astronomer. Indeed evangelical Protestants are more than twice as likely as other Americans to say they would turn to a religious text a religious leader or people at their congregation if they had a question about science a study released by AAAS earlier this year suggested. LOS ANGELES (AP) While tens of thousands of immigrants living in the United States illegally are preparing to apply for a long-sought driver license in California starting Jan 2 others are being urged to think twice. Immigrant advocates say the vast majority should be able to get licenses without trouble but they want anyone who previously obtained a driver license under a false name or someone else Social Security number to speak first with a lawyer fearing a new application could trigger a fraud investigation. The same applies to immigrants with a prior deportation order or criminal record because federal immigration officials and law enforcement can access Department of Motor Vehicles data during an investigation. The advice is not meant to frighten immigrants from seeking licenses that are meant to make their lives easier especially because many already risk getting ticketed simply by driving to work or taking their children to school. For the vast majority of people getting a license is a good decision said Alison Kamhi staff attorney at the Immigrant Legal Resource Center. At the same time I think it is important people are aware there is some risk. LOS ANGELES (AP) While tens of thousands of immigrants living in the United States illegally are preparing to apply for a long-sought driver license in California starting Jan 2 others are being urged to think twice. Immigrant advocates say the vast majority should be able to get licenses without trouble but they want anyone who previously obtained a driver license under a false name or someone else Social Security number to speak first with a lawyer fearing a new application could trigger a fraud investigation. The same applies to immigrants with a prior deportation order or criminal record because federal immigration officials and law enforcement can access Department of Motor Vehicles data during an investigation. The advice is not meant to frighten immigrants from seeking licenses that are meant to make their lives easier especially because many already risk getting ticketed simply by driving to work or taking their children to school. For the vast majority of people getting a license is a good decision said Alison Kamhi staff attorney at the Immigrant Legal Resource Center. At the same time I think it is important people are aware there is some risk. The nation most populous state is preparing to start issuing drivers licenses to immigrants in the country illegally in a bid to make the roads safer and ease fears for more than a million people. California program eclipses the scope and scale of those approved in nine other states including Nevada Colorado and Illinois. California expects 1.4 million people to apply for the licenses which include a distinct marking from those issued to U.S. citizens and residents over the next three years. The number of people making license appointments more than doubled to 379000 during the first two weeks immigrants were allowed to sign up. Immigrant advocates said they do not foresee major problems with the rollout of the program because the state has had more than a year to prepare and an ample budget $141 million spanning three years. In Nevada about 90 percent of immigrants failed the required written test during the first few weeks a driver authorization card was offered this year because they were not prepared. In Colorado the state had no startup funding to issue licenses this year and could not keep pace with demand leading to monthslong waits. Jonathan Blazer advocacy and policy counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union Foundation said he expects California to license as many immigrants in the country illegally as the nine other states Washington D.C and Puerto Rico combined. If California is not able to do this right with the resources it put into this other states will take notice Blazer said.